LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 8 Chapter 6

LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 8 Chapter 6 Sample

Read this dictionary entry and fill in the blank in the statement that follows.

learned (lur-nid for 1–3; lurnd for 4) adj.

1 demonstrating much knowledge; scholarly; erudite

2 associated with the pursuit of knowledge or aimed at scholars

3 displaying learning or knowledge; well-informed

4 acquired by experience, study, or conditioning

Excerpt from "The Hidden Treasure" by Orison Swett Marden

5 Happy and contented, as we have seen, was the good Ali Hafed, when one evening a learned priest of Buddha, journeying along the banks of the Indus, stopped for rest and refreshment at his home, where all wayfarers were hospitably welcomed and treated as honored guests.

6 After the evening meal, the farmer and his family with the priest in their midst gathered around the fireside, the chilly mountain air of the late autumn making a fire desirable. The disciple of Buddha entertained his kind hosts with various legends and myths, and last of all with the story of the creation.

7 He told his wondering listeners how in the beginning the solid earth on which they lived was not solid at all, but a mere bank of fog. "The Great Spirit," said he, "thrust his finger into the bank of fog and began slowly describing a circle in its midst, increasing the speed gradually until the fog went whirling round his finger so rapidly that it was transformed into a glowing ball of fire. Then the Creative Spirit hurled the fiery ball from his hand, and it shot through the universe, burning its way through other banks of fog and condensing them into rain, which fell in great floods, cooling the surface of the immense ball.

8 Flames then bursting from the interior through the cooled outer crust, threw up the hills and mountain ranges, and made the beautiful fertile valleys. In the flood of rain that followed this fiery upheaval, the substance that cooled very quickly formed granite, that which cooled less rapidly became copper, the next in degree cooled down into silver, and the last became gold. But the most beautiful substance of all, the diamond, was formed by the first beams of sunlight condensed on the earth’s surface."

1 pt
1.

Which definition best fits how the word learned is used in paragraph 1?

1 pt
2.

Paragraph 1 says that "wayfarers were hospitably welcomed." Which word is a synonym for hospitably as it is used here?

1 pt
4.

Read this sentence from the text.

"Flames then bursting from the interior through the cooled outer crust, threw up the hills and mountain ranges, and made the beautiful fertile valleys."

Which word is an antonym for the word interior, which appears in the fourth paragraph?

1 pt
5.

Read this sentence and the question that follows.

"But the most beautiful substance of all, the diamond, was formed by the first beams of sunlight condensed on the earth’s surface."

Which synonym for beautiful would change the meaning of the sentence because of its connotative meaning?

Scorpions

1 Scorpions are odd-looking creatures. They have short front limbs with large pincers. Their long tails can curl up over their entire bodies. Their hard exoskeletons protect them. In order to grow, they must molt, or shed, these exoskeletons frequently. The layer under the one they shed hardens into a new exoskeleton. Due to fluorescent chemicals in their bodies, scorpions glow green under ultraviolet light.

2 Like many things about them, scorpion reproduction is somewhat unusual. Although they’re like spiders, scorpions do not lay eggs. Mothers birth scorplings one at a time in litters of up to one hundred. Newborns look just like tiny adults. They all cling to their mother’s back as she walks. Then again, considering how human parents ferry their kids around in vehicles, maybe scorpions aren’t so unusual.

3 Scorpions make most people think of deadly stings. So people fear all scorpions. Since its venom is meant to subdue very small prey, the average scorpion’s sting can’t harm humans who aren’t allergic. However, some kinds have potent venom that can seriously harm most people.

4 People often pass along misinformation about scorpions. According to one popular myth, if a scorpion is too close to fire, it will sting itself to death. This is not true; a scorpion is immune to its own venom. This assumption probably came from observations of scorpions coming too close to heat sources. Because they are cold-blooded, their nervous systems short circuit when exposed to extreme heat. A jolting scorpion would indeed look like it was stinging itself.

5 Any Americans worried about lethal scorpion stings can rest easy. Most dangerous scorpions live outside of the United States. The Arizona bark scorpion is a major exception. Its sting can cause intense pain, breathing problems, and muscle spasms. Luckily for those in the rest of the United States, the scorpion is true to its name and stays mostly in Arizona.

1 pt
6.

In the first paragraph, the prefix in the word exoskeleton means what about the scorpion’s skeleton?