LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 8 Chapter 1

LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 8 Chapter 1 Sample

William Shakespeare

1 Have you heard of Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, or Macbeth? Maybe you’ve heard someone say "forgive and forget" or "all’s well that ends well." These are the works and sayings of the famous poet and playwright William Shakespeare.

2 Shakespeare was born in England during the mid-1500s. He received a good education as a young boy. When he was eighteen years old, he married a woman named Anne Hathaway. By the time he turned thirty, Shakespeare had a career in London as a playwright. He also started writing poetry. Thus, began a very productive career.

3 During the time that Shakespeare lived, people entertained themselves by attending and performing in plays. Shakespeare was an actor in many plays, but he is famous for the many plays and poems that he wrote. There are thirty-seven plays and over fifty sonnets credited to Shakespeare. He liked to have fun with language and invented many new phrases.

4 Many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed at the Globe Theater. The Globe Theater was a three-story, open-air amphitheater. It was a round structure with a stage in the middle. It had no roof and could hold three thousand people. Many would gather there to watch the plays performed by Shakespeare’s theater company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men.

5 Some skeptics believe that someone else wrote the plays that are credited to Shakespeare. There are many theories. Some scholars think a few of the plays look like the work of other playwrights at the time. Some suggest that a member of the royal family wrote the plays but needed to remain anonymous. However, there has never been reliable evidence to prove any of these ideas.

6 Shakespeare died in 1616. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church in England. His works have endured over many generations. They are still acted out on stage all over the world, and many have been adapted again and again.

1 pt
1a.

When did Shakespeare begin writing?

1 pt
2.

The central idea of this passage is that

Ancient Roman Adoption

1 Adoption has existed since the dawn of time because as long as there have been humans on this Earth, there has been a need for adults to take in children who weren’t born to them biologically. Our modern adoption practices and attitudes toward adoption evolved from adoption practices in ancient Rome.

2 In ancient Rome, adopting boys was common among the upper classes. The need for a male heir was a strong incentive for wealthy families to adopt male babies to ensure that there would be male heirs for future generations. The adoption system also acted as a mechanism for ensuring a smooth succession of Roman emperors. The ruling emperor would adopt his chosen successor as his son.

3 Under Roman law, an adoption established a legal bond as strong as that of kinship. The most famous adopted man in ancient Rome was Augustus Caesar because he was adopted by his great-uncle, Julius Caesar. The practice of adult adoption in ancient Rome is documented in the Codex Justinianus.

4 Infant adoption among the ancient lower classes was rare. Abandoned children were often used as slaves. Roman legal records indicate that a few abandoned children were taken in by wealthy families and raised as a son or daughter. These children were not normally adopted under traditional Roman law. Instead, these children were raised in an arrangement similar to a guardianship. The children were considered the property of the father who abandoned them.

1 pt
4.

What is central idea of this passage?

Read the passage and answer the following questions.

Jessica,

I just rented the remake of Planet of the Apes, and I’d love for you to see it too. What a cool movie. The actors really look like apes. Well, I mean they’re actors dressed up as apes, and they really look like apes. The makeup and the costumes are awesome. I heard that the makeup artist won awards for the work on this film. See, this guy, Leo, trains chimpanzees on a space station, and he loses one. He finds a spaceship, so he can get his favorite chimp back. Leo plummets onto an unfamiliar celestial body where the simians rule over the human beings. Leo sees how cruel the apes are to humans. Then the fun starts!. Well, I can’t tell you the whole story, or I’d spoil it for you, but I really liked this movie. It was better than many futuristic movies. Let’s see it again together, and we can compare notes on the special effects. Write me back soon.

Zack

1 pt
7.

What can you infer about Jessica and Zack after reading the passage?

1 pt
8.

What is the best way to summarize the information in the passage?